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CBIC is working on biometric authentication of risky entities under GST as it looks to crack down on fraudsters who are misusing the PAN and Aadhaar of other people to obtain GST registration. CBIC is working on biometric authentication of risky entities under GST as it looks to crack down on fraudsters who are misusing the PAN and Aadhaar of other people to obtain GST registration, CBIC chief Vivek Johri said.

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accounting

Accounting is a process of recording, classifying, and summarizing financial transactions to provide accurate information about the financial position and performance of an organization. Maintenance of records is a crucial aspect of accounting as it ensures the availability of reliable information for decision-making and compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. In India, the Maintenance of Records is governed by various laws and regulations, including the Companies Act, 2013, the Income Tax Act, 1961, and the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, 2017.

Records under Different Acts
Companies Act, 2013

 The Companies Act, 2013, requires every company to maintain proper books of accounts to reflect a true and fair view of its financial position and performance. The books of accounts should be kept at the registered office of the company and should include records of all transactions, including receipts, payments, purchases, sales, and expenses. The books of accounts should be maintained on a double-entry system and should be preserved for a period of at least eight years from the date of the last entry.

Income Tax Act, 1961

The Income Tax Act, 1961, requires every person who earns income to maintain records and furnish information to the tax authorities. The records should include details of income earned, expenses incurred, investments made, and taxes paid. The records should be maintained on a regular basis and should be preserved for a period of at least six years from the end of the relevant assessment year.

GST Act, 2017

The GST Act, 2017, requires every registered person to maintain records of all transactions related to the supply of Goods and Services. The records should include details of the goods and services supplied, the taxes charged and collected, and the taxes paid on purchases. The records should be maintained on a monthly basis and should be preserved for a period of at least six years from the end of the financial year to which they relate.

Other Laws :

There are various other laws and regulations that require maintenance of records in India. For example, the Companies Act, 2013, also requires companies to maintain records of meetings of the board of directors and shareholders, while the Labour Laws require employers to maintain records of their employees, including their wages, leaves, and other benefits.

Benefits :

In conclusion, maintenance of records is an essential aspect of accounting in India. It is governed by various laws and regulations and requires organizations to maintain accurate and reliable records of their financial transactions. Proper maintenance of records helps organizations track their financial performance, comply with legal and regulatory requirements, and make informed decisions. 

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